Lung and breast cancers most common in Bangladesh

Lung and breast cancer are the most prevalent forms of cancers among male and female patients respectively in Bangladesh, with 28.39% male cancer patients fighting lung cancer and 26% female patients battling breast cancer.

The facts were revealed yesterday at the publication ceremony of Hospital Cancer Registry Report 2008-2010 (printed) and 2011-2013 (short draft) at the conference hall of National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital (NICRH).

Cancer specialists said information regarding the demographics of cancer patients could be collected through the cancer registry, in order to assess the burden of cancer.

As per the published report (2008-2010), from January 2008 to December 2010, 46,110 new cases attended the outpatient department of NICRH. Among them, 27,281 were confirmed as cancer cases. Out of these 27,281 patients, 56.1 % were male and 43.9% were female.

The top five organs affected in both sexes were: lung (18.1%), breast (11.7%), cervix of uterus (9.3%), oesophagus (4.9%) and stomach (4.1%).

In males, the five leading cancers were: lung (28.39%), oesophagus (6.14%), liver (3.98%), larynx (3.01%) and rectum (2.17%).

In females, the leading five cancers were: breast (26.0%), cervix of uterus (21.1%), lung (5%), ovary (3.3%) and oesophagus (3.3%).

In patients aged 10 years or more, about 78.4% male patients had been smokers during their lives and 63.9% were current smokers. Among female patients, these rates were 3.5% and 3.3% respectively.

Prof Dr Khondokar Md Sifayetullah, director general of the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), was present at the occasion as the chief guest.

Dr Abul Kalam Azad, additional director of the DGHS, Prof Mahmudur Rahman, director of the IEDCR, and Dr M Mostafa Zaman, national professional officer of WHO country office, were also present as special guests. NICRH Director Prof Sheikh Golam Mostofa chaired the session.

Source: Dhaka Tribune